THE PHARISEES / फरीसी



THE PHARISEES WERE ONE OF THE THREE MAJOR JEWISH SECTS, ALONG WITH THE SADDUCEES AND THE ESSENES. THE PHARISEES WERE A NON -POLITICAL LAY MOVEMENT WITHIN JUDAISM. THEY AROSE FROM THE HASIDIM (PIOUS ONES), WHO OPPOSED THE SYNCRETIZING (COMBINING TOGETHER ) OF GREEK CULTURE AND REGION WITH JUDAISM IN THE 100'S BC. THEY ATTEMPTED BY RIGOROUS EXAMINATION OF THE DETAILS OF THE OLD TESTAMENT LAW, TO MAKE THE LAW ACCESSIBLE AND PRACTICAL TO PEOPLE SEEKING TO BE OBEDIENT JEWS. THEY TAUGHT STRICT ADHERENCE TO THE LAW, NOT ONLY THE WRITTEN LAW OF MOSES (TORAH), BUT ALSO THE ORAL TRADITIONS WHICH THEY CLAIMED MOSES HAD PASSED DOWN TO THEM. THEIR GOAL WAS TO DEFEND THE WRITTEN LAW AGAINST ANY POSSIBLE INFRINGEMENT. THEY WERE GOD-FEARING AND LAW-ABIDING PEOPLE. THEY WERE FAMOUS FOR PASSING THEIR INTERPRETATIONS FROM GENERATION TO GENERATION BY WORD OF MOUTH, ESTABLISHING AN ORAL TRADITION CONCERNING LEGAL MATTERS.

THEY MADE THE LAW APPLICABLE BY EXTRACTING FROM ITS SPECIFIC GUIDELINE FOR MANY POSSIBLE SITUATIONS. THEY ARGUED THAT IF THE LAW WERE OBEYED BY ALL, THE NATION WOULD BE PURGED OF SIN AND GOD WOULD ESTABLISH HIS KINGDOM OVER ALL THE NATIONS. THIS GAVE THEIR CONCERN FOR OBEDIENCE A GOAL IN THE FUTURE. ALTHOUGH THE PHARISEES WERE SMALL IN NUMBER, THEIR INFLUENCE ON ISREAL WAS WIDESPREAD (EG.MATHEW 15:12-14). THE PRIMARY INFLUENCE OF THE PHARISEES WAS IN THE LOCAL SYNAGOGUE COMMUNITIES, WHILE THE SADDUCEES WERE MORE INFLUENTIAL IN THE TEMPLE WORSHIP IN JERUSALEM AND IN THE SANHEDRIN, THE JEWISH HIGH COUNCIL. THE TRADITIONS OF THE PHARISEES DEVELOPED INTO THE RABBINIC WRITINGS KNOWN AS THE MISHNAH AND THE TALMUD.

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